Here Are The Top 10 Most Developed Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, According To Travel & Development Index (TTDI)


The Travel and Tourism Development Index (TTDI) report was released on Tuesday by the World Economic Forum. 

This annual study looks at how countries are performing in terms of travel infrastructure, destination marketing strategies, traveler experience quality, and policy measures dedicated to attracting visitors worldwide.

The report found that sub-Saharan Africa has had the most significant improvement in performance globally since 2019. The report also highlighted that with rapid improvement in Africa’s ICT readiness, it is now easier for tourists to receive digital Travel & Tourism services.

Two years after the deadly global pandemic, travel and tourism show signs of recovery in many parts of the world. This was revealed by the recently released World Economic Forum (WEF) report on their TTDI 2021 index, which ranks a country’s performance based on metrics. This includes rates for population growth or Travel flows between countries that can impact locally and globally.

The Travel & Tourism Index provides a strategic benchmarking tool for businesses, governments, and international organizations to assess the growth potential in their respective region. The index identifies vital factors that enable resilient and sustainable travel economies across 117 countries worldwide.


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Highlights Of WEF’s Travel and Tourism Development Index (TTDI) 2021

The report noted that Sub-Saharan Africa (Africa) had had a tremendous improvement in TTDI performance since 2019, with 17 out of 21 regional countries covered by this index increasing their scores. However, despite these successes, it still lags behind other regions, which undermines its great potential for growth and development into an information tech industry.

South Africa is the leading country in Southern and Eastern Africa regarding T&T economies. With an index of 82, South Africa rank as one of their most influential players on this front, but they’re not alone; many more countries have made significant strides towards becoming global competitors for tourism development with destinations all over Earth.

 Top 10 Economies in Sub-Saharan Africa Enabling Travel and Tourism Development

10. Ghana

With a Global ranking of 101st, the country of Ghana covers an area slightly smaller than the UK or Oregon. The terrain offers primarily low plains with some scattered hills crisscrossed by rivers, and there is Lake Volta – Africa’s largest artificial lake. Mount Afadjato, Ghana’s highest peak with just 885 meters (2 904 ft), is in the Agumatsa Range. The main rivers are Black Volta and Red Volute, which merge into one river that runs through Akosombo Dam to form Lake Volta -the world’s largest artificial lake.

What is Ghana Famous for?

The cocoa beans for making chocolate and other cocoa sweets and products, Ghana’s cocoa beans earn an extra premium in price on the international market because of their quality and in Japan and South Korea. Chocolate bars are boldly labeled “Made in Ghana” because of the quality of the cocoa beans used in making the product. Ghana is also known as the current biggest producer of gold, recently overtaking South Africa, whose easy gold winnings are depleted.


Ghana is a bustling, diverse country with over 100 ethnic groups living in Ghana. The people that live there are from six leading families: the Akan (Ashanti and Fanti), Ewe, Ga-Adangbe, and MoleDagbani Guan Gurma. Each group has its own unique culture, which they try to always maintain through hospitality towards others–whether it be public gatherings or just life as an everyday routine.

Economy of Ghana

Ghana has a rich natural resource base, including the manufacturing of digital technology goods. These boosted Ghana to one of the highest GDP per capita in West Africa. The economy also gets supported by automotive construction & exports and hydrocarbons mining for industrial minerals, which account for 40% or more than all other combined resources. This gives them a reason to celebrate because it makes this tiny country stand out among its counterparts with high growth rates.

9. Zambia

the sunset in Zambia

With a Global ranking – of 98th, Zambia is a country in East Africa with an area slightly larger than twice the size of Germany and Texas. The population has grown by more than 1 million people since 2008, making it one of sub-Saharan’s most developing nations today. English remains the primary language spoken, and several Bantu dialects like Zambian/Chiba, which accounts for 33%, while Nyanja (Cinyanja), Tonga Chopped Dialects collectively called “Lozi” make up 11%.

What is Zambia Famous for?

With its vast landscape, Zambia is a safari gold mine for outdoors enthusiasts. From waterfalls and lakes to rivers and wetlands – there are so many different sights in this country that offers enormous diversity! You’ll see animals like elephants or leopards roaming free while exploring traditional villages with straw roofs made from dry grasses on either side, all surrounded by incredible scenery, including reaches where it feels as if you’re standing right next door at home.


The contemporary culture in Zambia is a blend of values, norms, and material traditions that more than 70 diverse people have brought. Most tribes moved into the area a few centuries ago while some traveled for agricultural land or pasture; they grew steadily until now, but many still search to establish new kingdoms. The country has a mixture that makes it unique from other countries.

Economy of Zambia

As one of the developing countries in Africa, Zambia experienced extraordinary economic growth throughout most parts of this decade. In 2011 they achieved middle-income status and became an emerging economy after earning high rates for several years running up until then – such as being proclaimed the fastest growing city within SADC during that same time (2010). However, with recent developments like declining copper prices which have caused GDP to stall out currently due to fiscal deficits & energy shortages across multiple sectors; there is still much work left.

8. Rwanda

Cultural Tours in Rwanda | Rwanda Safari Tours | Explore Rwanda Culture
Cultural Tours in Rwanda

Global ranking – 89th.The small country of Rwanda covers an area larger than either Maryland or Macedonia. It also has a population density much higher than other African nations, making it one of the most populated countries. The official language is Kinyarwanda which mixes sounds from languages like French and English with Swahili as an additional tongue spoken throughout all region’s communities so they can communicate more easily.

What is Rwanda Famous for?

Rwanda is a country that has so much to offer. However, one of its most famous exports is the delicious fish dishes prepared from local lakes like Kivu and Simbaza–both found within Rwanda’s borders. If you’re lucky enough to visit there one day, then be sure not to miss out on trying these two fantastic types of catches (Tilapia being more prevalent). Other than food items such as cassava roots or spinach leaves. Before undergoing some preparation methods depending upon what type we want them served up with, people also rely heavily upon spices when cooking authentic African cuisine—especially cards worth noting include red pepper flakes.


Dance and music are an integral part of Rwandan ceremonies, festivals, and social gatherings. The most famous traditional dance is ‘intore,’ which consists of 3 components -the ballet performed by women; a routine containing sword-fighting prowess amongst men called “Heroes’ Dance” (to depict courage); drums playfully regulating time for this exciting event.

Drums have always been highly coveted within royal courts because they helped keep track of precise timing and provide music during trance rituals or healing sessions. The physicians from other tribes would come to visit if allowed entry into your village after being properly greeted through proper protocol established beforehand.

Economy of Rwanda

Things have been pretty good for Rwanda over the last five years when it comes to the economy. However, in 2020, their score on economic freedom went down 10 points from 2017-to 19 due primarily to poor rankings in terms such as financial health and business freedoms, which are necessary if you want a thriving marketplace with lots of opportunities. Rwanda’s GDP continues its steep incline upwards through 2021 before leveling off at around $1 trillion per year starting.

7. Namibia

Forest reserve in Namibia

Namibia is a young country that gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990. The country’s Global ranking is 88th. The country’s name got derived from the Namib Desert. Namibia is 1.6 times about half the size of the US state of Alaska or approximately the size of France.

The country’s population is 2.5 million people (in 2020), making it the second least densely populated country (after Mongolia). The capital is Windhoek, the country’s largest city situated in the central highlands. The main spoken languages are Ovambo, English, Khoekhoe, and Afrikaans.

What is Namibia Famous for?

Namibia is more than just a country of deserts and dunes. It’s home to one of the world’s largest canyons, some incredible geology that ranges from ancient mountains into Namibian seabeds. With such an extreme environment, fascinating things are around every corner for those who take their time exploring this beautiful land.


Namibia is a country in Southern Africa with 11 ethnic groups. The main ones are the Ovambo, Kavango, and Herero communities, which make up about 75% of their population; mixed-race (Coloured & Rehoboth Baster) people account for 20%. There are also White Namibians of Afrikaans Swedish or British ancestry, while Portuguese traders founded settlements centuries ago, giving rise to Caprivian Sanand Tswana tribe members today. The majority, however, identify themselves simply by being “Namibian,” regardless of if they’re black or white.

Economy of Namibia

The economy projected a growth of 2.6% in 2021 and 3.3% in 2022, on the back of a consistent recovery in financial services, tourism, retail, wholesale trade, and the mining industries. This combines with an improvement in the regional and global economic environment. But the economy still faces substantial risks and challenges in short to medium term.

6. Cape Verde

The people of Cape Verde are known for their joy and hospitality. They value relationships with friends, family members, and neighbors. This small island nation located off the coast of Senegal has ten islands combined. They have an area larger than Luxembourg or Rhode Island. They rank 82nd Global.

The Cape Verde Islands are a cluster of islands off the coast of Senegal. The warm tropical climate and beautiful scenery make it an ideal destination for travelers from all over, especially Americans who may not be aware that this little-known nation has so much to offer

What is Cape Verde famous for?

The Cape Verde Islands are a cluster of islands off the coast of Senegal. The warm tropical climate and beautiful scenery make it an ideal destination for travelers from all over, especially Americans who may not be aware that this little-known nation has so much to offer


Cape Verde is influenced by its unique music, such as the “morna.” This genre harkens back to days of slavery and sadness while also being playful with lyrics about love or joyous events like birthdays – it’s very violin-like but not too sad. Another popular form is “Batuko,” which gets everybody up dancing; they’re just happy tunes, so you have no problem following along. Finally, we come across funaná–what does this one do? It vibrates through all three million people living on these islands.

Economy of Cape Verde

The economy of Cape Verde is service-oriented and focused on commercial, trade, public services, and transport. Cape Verde is a small archipelagic nation that has experienced severe droughts. It makes agriculture difficult by the lack of rain and makes it restricted to only four islands for most of the year.

The economy has been steadily growing since the late 1990s. It is now officially considered a country of average development, being only the second African country to have achieved such transition after Botswana in 1994. Cape Verde has significantly improved.

5. Tanzania

The East African country of Tanzania has a global ranking of 81st. It is located on an expansive coastline along the Indian Ocean. It borders six other African nations, including Burundi to its north and Rwanda close south for a part but not all on either side. It also shares maritime boundaries with Comoros & Seychelles at three different lakes: Victoria (Lake Volta), Tanganyika Nyasa, or endeavor hallway, which links them together -all known collectively by their Boat name “Great Lakes.”

What is Tanzania Famous for?

Tanzania is a country full of natural beauty, and the most popular things to do in Tanzanian are safaris. Visitors can go on these adventures that take them through some amazing landscapes – including majestic Mount Kilimanjaro. There’s always Zanzibar worth exploring for those who want more time relaxing by gorgeous beaches with warm waters.


Tanzania is an eclectic mix of cultures and traditions rich in ancient history. The friendly locals will show you around their country with pride for all it has achieved, from the vast natural beauty found nowhere else on Earth to how many different peoples live side by Side here without any34 prejudice whatsoever!

With 120 ethnic groups living within Tanzania’s borders (not including religious beliefs), there may be confusion about what constitutes good manners amongst visitors. Hence, people know better when they’re doing something wrong or not correctly adopting certain practices associated with another ethnic group.

Economy of Tanzania

One of the most exciting things about the Tanzanian economy is transitioning from a command to a market system. In 1985, reforms began in earnest with an emphasis on free trade and private enterprise over state control. The total GDP was higher than, but it wasn’t quite where you would expect based on this data alone – until around 2000 when that level suddenly rose.

The Tanzanian economy grew 4.8% in 2020, reaching a new high of USD 64 billion versus 60-7/8 last year’s figure – making it East Africa’s 2nd largest behind Kenya and 7th most significant within Sub Saharan Africa

4. Kenya

The 4th on our list is Kenya, Ranking 78th Global. Kenya is a country in East Africa with beautiful landscapes that include rugged mountains and lush rainforests. The safari activity typical for Kenya includes visiting one of two major parks – Amboseli National Park, home to many types of wildlife, including elephants; Mara Reserve, which has annual wildebeest migrations when they occur every September-October. The capital Nairobi offers visitors some exciting opportunities such as exploring its bustling markets while also being close enough so you can go on an African adventure.

What is Kenya Famous for?

Kenya has a great view filled with hills and wildlife, in the country you can enjoy holidays with your family and children. The landscapes, beaches, climate, and beautiful scenery make Kenya famous worldwide.

Animal lovers and bird watchers can enjoy a pleasurable time capturing many shots with their digital cameras on safari-themed holidays in Kenya. The migration of wild beasts is one of the best attractions in the country. 


The culture in Kenya is a complicated mix of different traditions. No single prominent identity identifies the country, but rather an array or variety from which people can choose according to their preferences and needs for expression–whether it be modern or traditional. The Kenyan academic, Prof. Olubayi Olubeiyo, has written a paper arguing that “a distinctive national culture of Kenya has emerged and continues to develop as it simultaneously borrows from 50 ancient ethnic cultures.”

Economy of Kenya

Kenya’s government has simplified its economy and enacted several regulatory reforms to simplify foreign and local investment, including creating an export processing zone. It is a significant portion of Kenya’s foreign financial inflows is remittance.

The economy of Kenya is a market-based economy with a few state enterprises. Major industries include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, manufacturing, energy, tourism, and financial services. As of 2020, Kenya had the third-largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, coming behind Nigeria and South Africa.

3. Botswana

3rd on our list is Botswana, with a Global ranking of 76th. If you’re planning a trip to Botswana, the land of vast plains and lonely deserts should be on your list. The country has 582 thousand square kilometers, making it slightly larger than France or smaller than Texas.

It borders Namibia in Southern Africa and South Africa but doesn’t let those neighboring countries intimidate you because this beautiful destination isn’t just about tourism. There are several activities for everyone who visits here, from endless game drives through rugged mountainsides alive with wildlife to tribe territory where locals are known for their warmth and hospitality.

What is Botswana Famous for?

The country of Botswana has so much to offer, with incredible wildlife and breathtaking landscapes. If you’re craving an adventure, look no further than this beautiful destination that will leave every sense alive. Botswana is a refuge for African elephants. Its conservation effects constantly push back poachers, and the country has the most significant numbers of elephants in Africa, especially in the Linyanti Wetlands.

Also, one of Africa’s Seven Natural Wonders, the Okavango Delta, spreads across 15,000 square kilometers and has some of the country’s most famous wildlife. Giraffes, elephants, spotted hyenas, black rhinos, and even Nile crocodiles can be found here and in many other areas, you will love to visit.


The Botswana language, Setswana, is used to describe the rich cultural traditions of Batswanas. How they greet each other and communicate varies depending on their ethnicity or citizenship in this African country. Still, most groups have their custom greeting that involves shaking hands and then saying “Dumelang,” which means hello without physical contact.

Economy of Botswana

The Botswana language, Setswana, is used to describe the rich cultural traditions of Batswanas. How they greet each other and communicate varies depending on their ethnicity or citizenship in this African country. Still, most groups have their custom greeting that involves shaking hands and then saying “Dumelang,” which means hello, without physical contact.

2. South Africa

The Republic of South Africa is a country located in Southern Africa. With a Global ranking of 68th, It has over 60 million people and covers an area larger than New York City. The capital cities are Pretoria, Bloemfontein & Cape Town, which represent the executive branch with its judicial system based there.

The rich cultures and diverse history of South Africa are visible in the many different ethnic backgrounds that make up this country. From Cape Town to Pretoria, you’ll find people with a fantastic variety of cultural experiences waiting for your attention.

What is South Africa Famous For?

South Africa is a land of great variety; it has three national capitals, eleven official languages, and 21 world heritage sites. The country’s landscapes are spectacular, with an array of animals that live in this excellent safari environment – including “the big five,” which you can see inside Kruger National Park.

The southwesternmost point of Africa, “Cape of Good Hope, with the alias the “Graveyard of Ships,” is a significant headland that sailors once feared because of its cliffs also. The Barberton Greenstone Belt is one of the most ancient mountains on Earth, with rocks dating back 3.6 billion years.

Arts & Culture


Ditsong National Museum of Natural History

The Dzong National Museum stands as a shining example for all museums to follow. Not only does it house some amazing Pliocene and Pleistocene fossil collections, but its mission statement presents an engaging way in which visitors can get involved with their surroundings through learning about our past while making new friends along the journey. Other museums to visit like The Amazwi South African Museum of Literature, The South African Museum, University of Pretoria Museums, Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa, and District Six Museum.


  • AfrikaBurn

AfrikaBurn is an annual regional festival that has been held in Quaggafontein for seven years now. The festivals aim to bring people together through creativity, self-expression, and celebration of cultural diversity with a focus on the African continent’s natural resources – all while honoring tradition without forgetting about tomorrow’s needs or desires,

  • The Cape Town Carnival

The Carnival in Cape Town is an annual event that celebrates the diversity of South Africa and its people. The street parade showcases colorful costumes and music from all cultures in this world (including some traditional African songs and floats). They get decorated with flowers or images depicting current events as well—it’s something you need to see for yourself. Here are also some other carnivals. You will also love to visit Cape Town Pride, Cape Town’s annual gay pride event with a parade, Cape Town International Jazz Festival, Johannesburg International Mozart Festival, and National Arts Festival.

Economy of South Africa

South Africa has the most technologically advanced, industrialized, and diversified economy in Africa. It is a middle-income emerging market with a rich supply of natural resources and minerals, with well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors. The country’s economy is based on private enterprise. But South Africa’s levels of poverty, unemployment, and inequality are among the highest in the world, and it is also one of the countries with the widest gap between rich and poor.

1. Mauritius

16 Best Places to Visit in Mauritius,Top Tourist Attractions in Mauritius

Toping our chat is Mauritius, the island in the Indian Ocean, with a Global ranking – of 62nd; what’s more rewarding than exploring an island with an underwater waterfall? An aerial view will make it seem like you’re floating over the ocean. The stunning natural phenomenon can only be seen from up high, but not without its challenges – there are two World Heritage Sites on this tiny landmass.

The country of Mauritius includes several islands with a volcanic origin. The largest and most famous is Rodrigues Island, 600 km to the east, which can be visited by plane or ship for exploration opportunities into its natural beauty. But two external ports provide shelter from rough seas: Agaléga, 1065km north in Porbandar District; Cargados Carajos Shoals (St Brandon), 430 km northeast.

What is Mauritius Famous for?

The small island of Mauritius is famous for its Dodo, an extinct flightless bird. The diverse population and luxurious resorts cater to the wealthier customers with prices up to $600 per night or higher depending upon where you are staying in this fantastic destination. Visitors can enjoy sugar jams made from locally grown fruits like apples which have gotten boiled until they form jam-like consistency.

Then it is kept in cabinets designed specially so that tropical heat doesn’t affect them over long periods during summertime months. These products don’t spoil quickly due to other high acidity levels, such as citrus fruit, compared to different types.

Arts & Culture of Mauritius

The culture of Mauritius is a unique blend, influenced by history and traditions from each racial group that has made this island their home. This influence ultimately merged into one beautiful tradition-driven society with its music (in the form of jazz). Enslaved people brought over their dance styles like zouk which started as African rhythms; festivals celebrating local crafts such as painting pottery using vibrant colors. They use colors found on fruit skins after processing them through various techniques until they’re ready for consumption.

The Full Moon Party on Mauritius’s beautiful Indian Ocean Island is a time for big parties and small festivals. Diwali, the lights display reminds us of all that Lord Rama returned from his voyage into the jungle with Lakshmi-the goddess of prosperity in tow (beginning October through November).

Economy of Mauritius

The small island of Mauritius is one of the wealthiest countries in Africa, with a GDP per capita that ranks it only second to Equatorial Guinea. The mixed economy relies on agriculture and sugar cane production for financial service industries such as banking or insurance; these two sectors contribute over half its total export revenue while also providing most job opportunities.

You may also like to read our recently published article, Everything You Need to Know About Phinnaeus Moder, Julia Roberts, And Daniel Moder’s Son.

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